An Australian study has looked at the safety of jockeys and track riders.
"The report recommends further research and development into alternative body protection, particularly for the upper limbs, the shoulder region and the lower limbs, particularly the leg and foot," researcher Keith Bulloch, from Racing New South Wales, said.
The report includes a review of commonly used jockey helmets, a survey of jockeys' safety equipment, and a gathering of information on jockey injuries.
A key outcome was the development of a jockey helmet prototype which may offer jockeys greater protection from head injuries resulting from falls.
Bulloch said improving jockey safety was an ongoing priority for the racing industry, which has the National Jockey Safety Committee reviewing a range of safety issues.
"The risk factors associated with horse riding are significant and so the health and safety of horses and their riders is a primary goal for the horse racing industry," he said.
"But to achieve this, we need to understand more about how and why injuries occur, the types of injuries being sustained, and what strategies could potentially be put in place to reduce the incidence and severity of injuries in the future."
Bulloch said the research found:
"Australian jockeys and track work riders wear helmets approved to local safety standards.
"However a new European high-performance standard has been introduced that promotes a higher level of impact protection against head trauma than other standards," he said.
"None of the Australian helmets tested met the requirements of the European high-performance standard. However, it should be noted that it is unlikely that there is a helmet available worldwide that meets this standard.
"As part of this research, two prototype helmets were constructed, with test results confirming that they would meet or come very close to meeting the high European requirements."
Bulloch said work is currently being undertaken in partnership with a helmet manufacturer to develop these prototypes, prior to them being potentially made available commercially.