An emaciated mare suffering from liver damage, possibly from ragwort poisoning, has made a miraculous recovery after more than a year of care.
Dolly was found by a World Horse Welfare Field Officer in Dorset in March 2017. She was emaciated, weak and struggling to survive whilst still taking care of her very young foal, Rocket.
Her body condition score was recorded as 1 out of 5, and it was clear she needed urgent veterinary attention. Her owner signed her over into World Horse Welfare’s care and she was taken to the charity’s Glenda Spooner Farm Rescue and Rehoming Centre in Somerset.
Farm Supervisor Grace Vooght said that when Dolly first arrived she was very thin with all of her ribs and vertebrae clearly visible. Routine blood tests showed she was suffering from severe liver damage.
“One of the most common causes of liver damage that we see is ragwort poisoning but without knowing her background, it was difficult to determine what had caused Dolly to be in such a terrible condition,” Vooght said.
“The first step was to wean Rocket on to eating more independently so he was less reliant on Dolly’s milk, which worked well as he was quite a greedy foal. This allowed Dolly to put what little energy she had into repairing her damaged liver.”
Weaning Rocket did not help improve Dolly’s condition, and her liver was slow to repair. “It was very much touch and go as to whether she would survive,” Vooght said.
The World Horse Welfare team continued to put in months of dedicated care and attention: “Dolly miraculously began to recover and her liver finally started to function properly, which amazed us all.”
Both ponies are now living out in their herds and have undertaken their handling training as well as learning to go into a trailer, in preparation for them to find new homes on the charity’s rehoming scheme.
“Dolly’s recovery really is miraculous and I can’t wait to see both her and Rocket settled into happy new homes,” Vooght said.
World Horse Welfare Chief Field Officer Claire Gordon is urging owners to remove ragwort from their fields. If eaten, it can cause irreparable liver damage to horses.
“It’s vital that your horse doesn’t eat ragwort, and you can’t assume they will choose not to eat it.
“Spraying [in Spring] while the plant is growing is the most effective way to eradicate it from your pasture, but you must be able to rest the field after spraying. For those without access to additional grazing, pulling the whole plant up – including the roots – is the next best option,” Gordon said.
“It’s best to do this at the seedling or rosette stage, before the plant flowers and while the ground is still soft – so the sooner you act, the better.
“Seeds can remain in the ground for 15 years before germination, so even if you’ve removed ragwort in previous years, it’s important to do it again every year.”
Signs of ragwort poisoning in horses include rapid weight loss and a lack of energy, stomach pain, and a loss of co-ordination.
They can develop photosensitisation, where areas of pink skin become inflamed and painful when exposed to sunlight, like serious sunburn.
Eventually they may go blind, have to fight for breath, start to wander or stagger or stand pushing their head against the wall. The symptoms and subsequent death can come about so quickly that owners have sometimes found their horse dead without warning.