What is this worm?

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Q. While mucking out the stable of my four month old weanling filly, I found this worm on the floor. She has never been dewormed. What is it?

Up until weaning she was on pasture with her mother, but has been stabled during the weaning process.

Dawn, Florida, USA

 

A: Hi Dawn. Thank you for providing some very professional pictures. The worm in the picture is the large roundworm Parascaris equorum. No other equine roundworm reaches this size, so identification is easy.

It primarily infects foals and yearlings, while it can only occasionally be found in adult horses. At the age of four months, your filly is highly likely to harbour these worms. If you haven’t yet dewormed her, she is likely to harbour more worms in the intestines.

Most foals tolerate the large roundworm up to a certain level, but this parasite is considered the most important parasite in this age group. After being exposed to the roundworms during the first year of life, the yearlings soon develop a strong immunity to the parasites.

Roundworm larvae migrate through the liver and lungs, and in high numbers you may see signs of airway inflammation. After making it back to the small intestine, they grow in size and the female worms start shedding eggs in the feces.

Roundworms are reported to cause stunted growth and ill-thrift in the foals. Foals around weaning age are at risk of developing small intestinal impactions with these worms, which is a critical condition that may require surgery.

It has been shown that foals with large worm burdens are particularly at risk of developing these impactions if they are treated with a dewormer with a paralytic mode of action, such as ivermectin or pyrantel. The risk of impaction appears to be less pronounced with benzimidazole-type drugs. You may consider consulting your veterinarian for advice regarding choice of dewormer which is really critical at this age.

The most important information you give above, is that your filly is in good health. That is always the bottom line. Horses can maintain perfect health, even in the presence of several parasite types. However, the time around and after weaning is always somewhat stressful to the foal, and I recommend deworming at this time.

Please bear in mind that roundworms have been found to be capable of developing resistance to various dewormers, and it is important to routinely check the efficacy of the dewormers you are using. Talk to your veterinarian about running some fecal egg count reduction tests on a yearly basis.

Martin K Nielsen

Dr Martin Nielsen is an assistant professor in equine parasitology at the Maxwell H. Gluck Equine Research Center at the University of Kentucky. » Read Martin's profile

4 thoughts on “What is this worm?

    • April 14, 2012 at 9:19 pm
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      Dear Carole,

      I have to congratulate you for a fantastic job! Not only have you understood all the current concepts of modern parasite control correctly. You simply take all the important issues into account, and you avoid ignoring important aspects, as is often done. You have also been able to translate your knowledge into an actual program for your horses, which I find remarkable. I particularly admire how you continously monitor the parasite loads in your horses. I find this very important, no matter how the parasite control program is designed. And last but not least, you have written up a great description of your approach. Your parasite control program simply serves as a great example of how it can be carried out in 2012.

      Reply
  • April 7, 2014 at 3:52 am
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    Hi – sorry to be so blunt but does anyone know if Equest pramox deals with “large red worm” as in Dawns very useful picture (thanks Dawn)- or just the developing larval stages of small red worm – as it says on the box?
    Monica April 14

    Reply
  • May 12, 2015 at 4:46 am
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    It would be very helpful if someone could post good pictures of specific worms in manure. There are plenty of pictures of worms inside the horse, but most of us are not likely to be viewing them that way, other than possibly in an autopsy, which I wouldn’t wish on anyone.
    I always inspect droppings after I’ve wormed my horses, table fork in hand to pull the balls apart. I’ve never been able to find good pictures to compare the results to.
    On my old farm, I usually saw results within 24 hour. Since I moved to a new area where there is a lot of lime in the water, don’t usually see results until 36 hours. The only thing I can figure is the high lime content must be affecting the digestive process. Any ideas?

    Reply

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