Dozens of 1300-year-old horse bits found in Russian archaeological dig

 

The bits date back to the early 700s.
The bits date back to the early 700s.

An impressive array of horse bits dating back nearly 1300 years have been recovered during an archaeological dig in the Lower Don region of Russia.

The first detailed account of the discoveries, unearthed in 2013, has has been published in the Povolzhskaya Arkheologiya, which reports on archaeological findings around the the Volga River region.

Valery Flyorov, a senior research scientist at the Institute of Archaeology, part of the Russian Academy of Sciences, said the items were recovered from the remains of a construction known as the Tsimlyansk Square.

It measured about 130 metres by 130 metres and was barely discernible on the surface.

About 170 objects were recovered, including 60–70 horse bits. The finds date from the early 700s.

Items were also recovered from a nearby burial mound known as the Barrow Pyramid, which rises to a height of more than 10 metres. Arrowheads recovered from this area date from the late 700s to early 800s.

The Tsymlyansk complex of Khazar time on the Lower Don
Flyorov V. S.
The Volga River Region Archaeology Vol.1 (11) 2015

The research, published under a Creative Commons License, can be downloaded in its original Russian here

The artifacts were found in a construction known as the Tsimlyansk Square.
The artifacts were found in a construction known as the Tsimlyansk Square.
bits-4
A detailed account of the discoveries was carried in the journal, “Povolzhskaya Arkheologiya”.
The items are now in the care of the Tsymlyank Museum.
The items are now in the care of the Tsymlyank Museum.
Up to 70 horse bits were recovered from the Russian site.
Up to 70 horse bits were recovered from the Russian site.

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